A bail is a form of property deposited or pledged by a bailor, either with the police or the courts to secure the release of an accused from remand prison on the understanding that he/she will ensure that the Accused will return to the court for hearing until the final completion of the case or forfeit the bail.
What types of bails are there?
There are two common types of bails. They are:
- Police Bail – bail granted by the prosecuting agency
- Court Bail – bail granted by the courts
Conditions to fulfil before bail can be offered
The following conditions may be imposed:
- The Accused’s passport must be surrendered
- The Accused can only leave at and/or shall return to his home by the a certain time
- The Accused must report to the Investigation Office (‘IO’) on certain days of the week
- The Accused must furnish more than one bailor
- Only cash may be used as security for a bail
The situations when such conditions are imposed vary from case to case.
Who can be a bailor?
A person cannot be his own bailor except on circumstances where the Courts direct otherwise.
A bailor has to fulfil the following requirements:
- Aged 21 years and above
- Not a bankrupt
- No pending case in the courts
- A Singapore Citizen or a Permanent Resident of Singapore
- Prepared to accept the responsibilities of a bailor until the case is over
- Prepared to pledge security whether in cash or in personal properties for the amount of bail as ordered by the Court
If there is no suitable bailor, an accused shall have to remain in remand pending the hearing of his case.